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It is now possible for scientists and tourists to travel to remote natural environments, such as the South Pole. Do the advantages of this development outweigh the disadvantages?
In recent years, it has been possible for tourists to visit distant regions that were accessible only to scientists and explorers. In fact, the industry is booming with visitor figures rising year after year. While there are certain risks involved, I believe these are outweighed by the benefits.
Travel to remote areas is usually associated with risks regarding environment and tourist safety. Firstly, tourism activities might disturb the fragile environments in these areas. For example, there are incidents in Antarctica when vessels carrying tourists collide with submerged ice, spilling a huge amount of oil into the sea. This can severely interfere with marine life. Land animals are also affected. A recent accident involved a polar bear being shot dead to save a tourist who got too close to the animal. Secondly, keeping tourists safe is another concern because remote areas often have harsh and unpredictable weather conditions. For example, if accidents occur in the Arctic, tourists can be left in sub-zero temperature for hours before rescue arrives.
Nevertheless, the above-mentioned risks are relatively low and thus can be managed; the benefits, on the other hand, are much greater. First, when seaside or mountainous holidays have become too familiar, distant regions offer fresh travel experiences. For example, tourists who travel to the Arctic can see stunning icy landscapes with northern lights and impressive wildlife such as polar bears and penguins. Second, remote-area tourism helps raise environmental awareness. While global warming is not news, the average person seems to be not too concerned with it. Their daily activities are generally not affected, and the impacts of global warming seem non-existent. This attitude might be changed with a trip to the Pole, where they can first-hand observe ice glaciers melt and see wildlife struggle to cope with the changing environment.
In conclusion, it is my view that tourism in distant regions is advantageous, provided that environmental protection and tourist safety are guaranteed.
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