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IELTS Writing task 2 Ngày 24/10/2020
Đề bài: People are living longer after they retire. What are the problems? What can be done to solve these problems?
Bài mẫu tham khảo:
Recent research has shown that human life expectancy has increased considerably over the past decades due in part to medical advances and accessibility to healthcare facilities, which leads to the phenomenon of people enjoying longer life after retirement. This issue, however, is believed to have some negative consequences and then requires specific pragmatic solutions.
Initially, some potential problems are resulting from people living longer, one of which is creating a burden on their family. It should be noted that taking care of retired parents is considered the responsibility of children as a way of showing their filial piety, especially in Eastern countries like Vietnam or China. This, however, unintentionally exerts huge pressure in terms of finance on working adults of the family owing to the increasing number of their dependents.
Another issue worth mentioning is that a higher proportion of people of retirement age is synonymous with more social pensions claimed each year and these are usually viewed as a cost to the government. This process is also expected to pose a number of economic challenges. To elaborate, pecuniary support to the aged members of society puts downward pressure on the national potential growth since a larger amount of public spending is allocated to paying pensions rather than stimulating economic activities.
Were no effective actions to be carried out, the situation would not be improved. Great efforts are required from the government, who have the authority to formulate suitable policies. Specifically, they can provide working adults with incentives to look after their elderly family members. For example, in Vietnam, people can apply for personal income tax reductions by registering qualifying dependents who are out of working age. The allowance is 4.4 million VND per month per dependent, which will be deducted when calculating the taxable income. A second measure would be simply raising the retirement age by up to five to seven years. Many worries those of that age would not be able to work due to declining health, nevertheless, with modern advanced healthcare systems, people tend to be much healthier than before. As a result, the length of working life can be adjusted accordingly.
To recapitulate, the burden on the family and pension system is an unavoidable problem that will happen when people live longer after they retire. Only when appropriate approaches such as offering tax incentives and increasing working age are adopted can the situation be handled.
- medical advances: những tiến bộ trong y học
- pragmatic solutions: các giải pháp thực tiễn
- filial piety: lòng hiếu thảo
- dependents: người phụ thuộc
- to be synonymous with: đồng nghĩa với
- economic challenges: thách thức kinh tế
- pecuniary support: sự giúp đỡ về tiền bạc
- stimulate economic activities: kích thích, thúc đẩy các hoạt động kinh tế
- formulate policies: xây dựng chính sách
- out of working age: ngoài độ tuổi lao động
- taxable income: thu nhập chịu thuế
- declining health: sức khoẻ suy giảm
- tax incentives: ưu đãi thuế
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