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Đề bài: It is more important to spend public money on promoting a healthy lifestyle in order to prevent illness than to spend it on the treatment of people who are already ill. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
It has been suggested that more public funds should be allocated to encourage the prevention of illness than the treatment of those who are already sick. I disagree with this view and in this essay, I will explain why.
The main rationale behind the promotion of healthy lifestyles is that it can save resources in the long run. Many diseases can be prevented by an active lifestyle and healthy diet. For instance, the increasing obesity rates result from people’s sedentary lifestyles and poor diets, which is arguably easy to change. However, the fact that the problem is still pervasive stems from a combination of factors ranging from the lack of awareness of a healthy lifestyle to the ubiquitous advertising of unhealthy food. If the government allocates more resources to solve the root causes, not only will a considerable amount of money be saved in the future but the potential miseries of having an illness can also be prevented.
Nevertheless, I believe the treatment of people who are already sick is of equal importance. Firstly, not all diseases are a product of unhealthy lifestyles. For example, many people live a very healthy life without smoking and refrain from fast food or alcohol but still find themselves diagnosed with cancer. Alternatively, the outbreak of an epidemic such as Covid-19 is not explained by people’s sedentary living. Therefore, it would be immoral not to treat these people when the problem is not their fault. Secondly, given the need to cure them, without the government’s funding, this matter would fall into the hands of only private companies, which might bring about another problem. Pharmaceutical companies are likely to keep high prices for, say, a treatment procedure for a selected high-income (therefore more profitable) segment of the population. However, with governmental investment, patients do not have to worry about such a scenario.
In conclusion, while the promotion of healthy ways of life is certainly logical, it does not imply the treatment of people who are already sick is not worth investing public money on. Instead, there should be a balance to make sure the whole population benefits from their tax money.
|allocate sth to sth||phân bổ||more public funds should be allocated to encourage the prevention of illness|
|pervasive||(adj) phổ biến||the problem is still pervasive|
|ubiquitous||(adj) pervasive||to the ubiquitous advertising of unhealthy food|
|misery||(n) sự khổ sở||the potential miseries of having an illness|
|refrain from sth||(v) hạn chế||refrain from fast food or alcohol|
|outbreak||(n) sự nổ ra||the outbreak of an epidemic such as Covid-19|
|epidemic||(n) đại dịch|
|immoral||(adj) vô đạo đức||it would be immoral not to treat these people|
|governmental investment||(n) sự đầu tư của chính phủ||with governmental investment, patients do not have to worry about such a scenario.|
|scenario||(n) bối cảnh / viễn cảnh|
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